What Are Fine Chemicals And How Are They Produced?
In the olden days, drugs were obtained by extracting substances from herbs and other plants. With the advancement of technology and knowledge, in chemistry, scientists learned to isolate and extract more individual components from raw materials. This complex process of production of pure and simple substances makes up the field of fine chemicals.
The chemical industries are divided into branches where fine chemicals act as the smallest segment of them, partnering with commodities and speciality chemicals. Commodity chemicals consist of general compounds and are mass produced and supplied globally. Speciality chemicals are sold for their brand name, specialities and abilities to perform certain functions that other chemicals cannot. They are made of one or more fine chemicals by drug intermediates manufacturer in India.
Fine Chemicals And Their Uses
Fine chemical synthesis usually involves several steps in small batches. The final product is aimed to be in the purest form that a customer needs, involving utmost care. Because of the rigorous production standards involved, specialised equipment’s used, the process involved, and the necessary expert skills, fine chemical production is complex, these are mostly out-sourced by many companies.
Many products that are in use day to day like medicines, processed foods, insecticides etc. include fine chemicals.
The Production Process Of Fine Chemicals
Fine chemistry deals with synthesising or isolating pure chemicals. These are produced by pharma intermediates manufacturers and are scientifically derived to function as ingredients in more complex speciality chemicals. As the process involved are highly specialised, these cannot be produced on a large scale. The process includes chemical synthesis, Biotechnology, extraction and hydrolysis.
- Chemical Synthesis: It involves a process of one or more chemical reactions that change the raw materials into fine chemicals. It also helps chemists to learn the physical and biological properties of compounds or products.
- Biotechnology: It involves the use of microorganisms or their life processes to create technologies to produce products. It involves biosynthesis, biocatalysts and cell culture technologies.
- Extraction: It involves isolating and purifying products from plants and animals
- Hydrolysis: It is a chemical process that involves water to break the bonds of a chemical compound. In fine chemicals production, it is used to break down proteins into amino acids, where heat acts as a catalyst.
Once the fine chemicals are synthesised, these high-quality products go on to be used in many different industries. They can also be combined with other substances to form specialised chemicals. However, the most prevalent function of these chemicals is as API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients), these make the medicines effective.
The chemicals are classified based on how they are sold as exclusive fine chemical and standard fine chemicals.
Exclusive fine chemicals are those, which are custom produced for a proprietary product. The pharmaceutical intermediates manufacturer in India, who manufactures these products, only will know its composition and how they are produced. These are quite expensive and limited in production.
Standard fine chemicals are those derived in a standard process and sold to multiple customers.